By Stephen O'Shea
8 hundred years in the past, the Cathars, a gaggle of heretical Christians from all walks of society, low and high, flourished in what's now the Languedoc in Southern France. Their subversive ideals introduced down on them the wrath of Popes and monarchs and provoked a brutal 'Crusade' opposed to them. the ultimate defeat of the Cathars used to be terrible with mass burnings of guys, ladies and kids within the village of Montaillou within the Pyrenees.
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Additional resources for The Perfect Heresy: The Life and Death of the Cathars
Crushed gold glittered on shields and helmets, on swords and hauberks, in order that the complete position shone. ” Seeing the flashing phalanx coming nearer within the solar, the southern knights within the first corps spurred their mounts ahead, heads bowed in anticipation of the nearing collision. William’s wall of guys and steel grew ever higher, their enormous warhorses protecting flooring at complete tilt. The surprise of impression used to be large. count number Raymond’s son, then 16 years outdated and secure within the Occitan camp, might later liken the sound of the crash to “a entire woodland happening below the awl. ” The compact center of William’s crusaders hurtled in the course of the southerners like a cannonball. males and horses went down, screaming. Swords swung, maces flailed, because the warriors from the north pressed the virtue won by means of their punishing cost. The melee used to be good below method while Bouchard de Marly’s 1000's of knights smashed into the pack, dealing a moment, decisive hammer blow to the disorganized southerners. The conflict of Muret A: Camp of Pedro II and his allies; B: possible situation of the cavalry wrestle; C: crusaders’ cavalry; D: allied cavalry; E: defense force of Toulouse; F: graveyard. The crusaders left Muret (1) and rode alongside the river, out of sight of the besiegers (10). as soon as at the undeniable, they wheeled left (3) and drove instantly towards the allied tents (4). the 1st crusader corps crashed into the allied corps (6). whereas the allies fled towards a small river (7), the 3rd crusader corps charged the allied reserve (8,9). After the cavalry wrestle (1), the crusaders fell at the allied camp (2) and doubled again at the defense force besieging Muret (3), which fled in disease (4). The crusaders have been trampling and dispersing the foe while the banners of the king of Aragon have been visible fluttering over a moment corps of southern cavalry. Bouchard and William should have hollered over the tumult, for quickly the disciplined crusaders regrouped for one more cost. They galloped over a meadow towards the impending Aragonese. one other sickening concussion ensued, and a clanging, clamorous struggle all started. The crusaders, in response to the chronicles, hacked their strategy to the fellow donning Pedro’s armor; someplace within the confusion, unheard through the northerners, the true monarch had printed himself and shouted, “I am the king! ” even if it used to be a cry of defiance or an admission of defeat hasn't ever been identified. A sword minimize in the course of the air, and King Pedro of Aragon fell to the floor, lifeless. on the camp, Raymond’s reserve had no longer budged, and the catastrophe used to be overall. Bloodied survivors of the battlefield fell again, spreading the amazing information of Pedro’s dying. the military began to collapse, as males packed up hurriedly for a touch to protection. Then Simon de Montfort and his knights, the 3rd corps of the crusading cavalry, barreled into view and pounded headlong towards the demoralized southerners. The panic was once common: those that may, rode or ran away; those that couldn’t, died. The citizen soldiery from Toulouse prior to the partitions of Muret heard a fatally fake rumor: Simon’s males were routed through the courageous king Pedro.