By Sam H. Shirakawa
From 1922 until eventually his demise in 1954, Wilhelm Furtwängler was once the key cultural track determine of the German-speaking global, conductor of either the Berlin and Vienna Philharmonic orchestras. yet a cloud nonetheless hangs over his recognition, regardless of his indisputable brilliance as a musician, as a result of a deadly and tragic selection. Wilhelm Furtwängler remained in Germany while millions of intellectuals and artists fled after the Nazis seized strength in 1933. His choice to stick at the back of earned him lasting condemnation as a Nazi collaborator--"The Devil's tune Master." many years after his demise, Furtwängler continues to be for plenty of not just the best but additionally the main arguable musical character of our time.
In The Devil's tune Master, Sam H. Shirakawa forges the 1st full-length and entire biography of Furtwängler. He surveys Furtwängler's early life as a tough yet very good prodigy, his upward push to pre-eminence as Germany's top conductor, and his improvement as a musician, composer, and philosopher. Shirakawa additionally studies the wealthy recorded legacy Furtwängler documented all through his forty-year career--such because the mythical Tristan with Kirsten Flagstad and the recognized performances of Beethoven's 9th Symphony in 1942 and 1951.
both vital, Shirakawa is going behind the scenes and in the back of the strains to discover how the Nazis seized keep an eye on of the humanities and the way Furtwängler single-handedly attempted to avoid evil characters as Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels and Luftwaffe leader Hermann Göring from annihilating Germany's musical lifestyles. He exhibits how Furtwängler, faraway from being a toady to the Nazis, stood up overtly opposed to Hitler and Himmler--at huge, immense own risk--to salvage the musical traditions of Bach, Mozart, and Beethoven. Shirakawa additionally provides relocating and overwhelming facts of Furtwängler's spectacular efforts to save lots of the lives of Jews and different persecuted members trapped in Nazi Germany--only to be proscribed on the finish of the conflict and approximately framed as a warfare criminal.
yet there has been extra to Furtwängler than his politics, or perhaps his tune, and we come to understand this amazing guy as a reluctant composer, a prolific essayist and diary keeper, a devoted buddy, an impressive enemy while crossed, and an incorrigible philanderer. a variety of musical luminaries proportion their thoughts of Furtwängler to around out this vibrant portrait.
in keeping with dozens of interviews and study in several files, letters, and diaries, lots of them formerly unpublished, The Devil's tune Master is an in-depth examine the lifestyles and instances of a distinct character whose deadly flaw lay in his uncompromising trust that track and paintings has to be saved except politics, a conviction that reworked him right into a tragic determine.
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Additional resources for The Devil's Music Master: The Controversial Life and Career of Wilhelm Furtwangler
Contains index. ISBN 0-19-506508-5 1. Furtwangler, Wilhelm, 1886-1954. 2. Conductors (Music)— Germany—Biography. I. name. ML422. F92S53 1992 784. 2'092—dc20 [Bl 91-25994 the subsequent web page is considered an extension of the copyright web page. 98765432 revealed within the usa on acid-free paper The writer gratefully recognizes concerns granted through the subsequent resources: Elisabeth Furtwäangler for permission to cite excerpts from her overdue husband's writings and to cite from her personal memoir, Uber Wilhelm Furtwdngler, 3rd variation, Brockhaus Verlag, Wiesbaden, 1986. The I. H. T. company, Washington, for permission to cite excerpts from experiences by way of Lawrence Gilman within the ny Herald-Tribune, five and 24 January 1925 and eleven February 1927. All rights reserved. Quartet Books Ltd. , London, for permission to cite excerpts from Notebooks, via Wilhelm Furtwangler, translated by means of Shaun Whiteside, 1990. S. Fischer Verlag, GmbH, Frankfurt-am-Main, for permission to cite an unpublished letter by means of Thomas Mann, 1 July 1947; excerpts from an unpublished lecture, "Germany and the Germans," added on the Library of Congress on 29 could 1945; and excerpts from Brief'e, 1894-1962, through Bruno Walter, 1969. the recent York occasions corporation, manhattan, for permission to cite passages from experiences and articles from 1925, 1926, 1927, 1931, 1936, and 1937. The Bruno Walter origin for permission to cite parts of unpublished letters by way of Bruno Walter from 1946 and 1948. Farrar, Strauss, & Giroux, Inc. , ny, for permission to cite excerpts from Hiker's mystery Conversations, translated via Norman Cameron and R. H. Stevens, 1953. version Spanenberg, Miinchen, for permission to cite a letter through Erika Mann, 31 could 1947. Doubleday, manhattan, for permission to cite an excerpt from Cellist, via Gregor Piatigorsky, 1965. Herbert A. Strauss and the Smithsonian establishment Press, Washington, for permission to cite an excerpt from The Muses unfastened Hiker, 1983. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. , ny, for permission to cite excerpts from subject matter and diversifications, by way of Bruno Walter, translated by means of James A. Galston, 1946; and from figuring out Toscanini, by means of Joseph Horowitz, 1986. HarperCollins Publishers, manhattan, for permission to cite excerpts from background of fireside, via Friedelind Wagner and web page Cooper, 1945. Lippincott, Philadelphia, and Harper Row, big apple, for permission to cite excerpts from Unheard Witness, via Ernst HanfstMngl, 1957. The Metropolitan Opera organization, manhattan, for permission to cite excerpts of letters via Rudolf Bing, 1952. This web page deliberately left clean \n reminiscence of my mom and dad This web page deliberately left clean Preface He used to be possibly the best conductor this century has produced. virtually 40 years after his demise, despite the fact that, Wilhelm Furtwängler is still the most debatable figures in any box, his reminiscence and recognition clouded by means of incorrect information and lies. a number of books and various articles were written approximately this striking and enigmatic determine, yet no paintings has but sought to view Furtwängler's existence in the extensive variety of his occupation as a musician, paintings as a composer, and the complexities of his politics and private existence.