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By Joseph Borkin

The tale of the large chemical company, I.O. Farben: its family with Hitler and the 3rd Reich, its takeover of the chemical industries of Europe within the wake of German conquest, its use of slave exertions in its personal Anschwitz-like focus camp and its final publicity on the Nuremberg trials.

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The Allied investigators swiftly despatched out an order to the I. G. businesses requiring them to supply entire information at the manufacture of poison gases, gasoline mask, gunpowder, and different essentially army goods. Failure to conform may well lead to the shutting down or even the dismantling of the noncompliant crops. The investigators, sure through the Allied peace fee instructions, didn't press to, research the dyestuff know-how. however the inquiry into poison fuel proved to be a unhappiness. The scientists at the U. S. workforce mentioned that they realized not anything approximately poison gases that was once now not identified in general to the medical group. They famous that the Germans easily chosen with nice ability and mind's eye chemical substances already on hand from advertisement dyestuff methods. no matter what merits the Germans had got here from their domination of the peacetime dyestuff and never from the discovery of latest poisons. The Haber-Bosch nitrate plant at Oppau was once one other topic. The investigators quickly grew to become conscious that this facility represented a primary clinical step forward in addition to a triumph of ingenuity and talent with out which Germany couldn't have persevered to struggle so long as it did. They discovered, for instance, that during the final 12 months of the battle the Oppau plant had produced 90,000 a whole bunch artificial nitrates (equal to one-fifth of the common, Chilean saltpeter fed on through the remainder of the world). even if, while the French individuals of the investigating workforce demanded that the plant be all started up in order that it can be saw in operation, Bosch stubbornly refused. All makes an attempt to maneuver him, together with threats of serious effects, proved futile. The outraged French petitioned the Allied fee to strength Bosch to function the gear and demonstrate the information and simple parts of the method of nitrate synthesis. To the disgust of the French, the fee governed in help of Bosch, keeping that the method was once a advertisement, now not an army, affair. forty two 26 The top British authority on chemical struggle, significant Victor Lefebure, vigorously adverse this determination in addition to the sooner directive to not inquire into the information and know-how of the "commercial" dyestuff crops. Later he amplified his perspectives in a ebook entitled The Riddle of the Rhine: "Only the French," he concluded, "recognized the entire struggle importance of those factories. " forty three In April 1919 the German delegation arrived at Versailles. Its contributors, together with Bosch, have been positioned in protecting custody in the back of barbed twine fencing surrounding the Hôtel des Réservoirs. Bosch, current as a professional in his box, used to be despatched to the peace convention to guard the pursuits of the I. G. businesses. the main stringent Allied call for so far as the I. G. businesses have been involved was once voiced by way of the French, who endorsed the destruction of all of Germany's armament amenities, which, they insisted, integrated the dyestuff and nitrate crops. Marshal Foch had already made it transparent that this factor was once now not negotiable. the single argument with any strength that Bosch was once capable of muster by contrast call for used to be that the Allies wanted a robust Germany as a bulwark opposed to Russian communism.

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