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By Tyler Whitney

Areas of the Ear examines the concomitant emergence of recent varieties of acoustical embodiment around the different fields of literature and technology within the ancient interval starting with the Franco-Prussian warfare and finishing with the advent of early info thought within the past due Nineteen Twenties. towards well known debts of alterations in listening practices round 1900, which generally take the disembodied voices of recent media comparable to the phonograph and radio as precise markers of acoustical modernity, the dissertation emphasizes the proliferation of latest modes of embodied listening made attainable via the explosion of city and commercial noise, modern media applied sciences, the specter of auditory surveillance, and the imposition of self-observational and self-disciplinary practices as constitutive of creative, clinical, and way of life. In doing so, I exhibit how particular parts of contemporary soundscapes and corresponding ideas of listening expert either the main thematic and formal parts of literary modernism. particularly, I argue that modernism's often-cited narrative self-reflexivity drew on conceptions of a uniquely embodied listener and the newfound audibility of the physique, and overlapped with contemporaneous medical wisdom surrounding the body structure of the ear and the function of the physique within the belief of sound.

Chapter 1 specializes in the position of non-literary discourse on city noise and the cacophony of the fashionable battlefield in formal advancements imperative to overdue nineteenth-century literary aesthetics, taking the mostly forgotten Austrian impressionist Peter Altenberg as my fundamental case research. In bankruptcy 2 I learn the ways that Franz Kafka appropriated parts of the fashionable soundscape and, particularly, ontological problems universal to the manufacturing unit employee, in conceptualizing the mechanisms of the fashionable felony method and its epistemological and perceptual results on its matters. bankruptcy three back makes a speciality of works by means of Kafka, this time juxtaposing medical practices of self-observation inside of acoustical learn with Kafka's literal and metaphorical figurations of self-auscultation and its functionality as a story process in "The Burrow" (1923/24).

Chapters four and five caricature out a competing perception of listening to inside Gestalt psychology, early stereophonic sound experiments, and literary texts by means of Robert Musil, which painting the fashionable listener as unusually lively and assured in interpreting and navigating an more and more advanced auditory atmosphere. within the procedure, the location of acoustical embodiment is displaced from the facet of the topic to that of the item, engendering notions of "auditory issues ( Hördinge )" with actual, corporeal houses, which are traced via area as third-dimensional entities. within the ultimate bankruptcy, I situate the effacement of the listener's physique and simultaneous foregrounding of 'auditory things' in Musil's novella, "The Blackbird (1928), opposed to the backdrop of early info idea and non-corporeal notions of Rauschen (noise, rustling, static).

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Kafka hesitated to offer Haas any of the texts he used to be contemplating together with in Betrachtung as the assortment was once already less than agreement 119 See Jürgen Born, Kafkas Bibliothek. Ein beschreibendes Verzeichnis (Frankfurt am major: S. Fischer, Verlag. 1990). a hundred and twenty See Barker, Telegrams from the Soul, p. 177. 121 See ibid. 122 Franz Kafka, Tagebücher 1909-1912, ed. Hans-Gerd Koch (Frankfurt a. M. : Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, 2008), p. 176. eighty 123 with Rowohlt. as a substitute, Kafka despatched him a marginally revised model of his diary access, which, in connection with its unambiguously autobiographical nature, he now defined as “the enclosed little piece with which i need to overcome my kinfolk publicly (das beiliegende kleine Stückchen, mit dem ich gerne öffentlich meine Familie züchtigen möchte). ”124 In October 1912, the textual content was once released less than the name “Great Noise” within the again pages of the Herder-Blätter (fig. 1. 5). In a letter to Felice Bauer written almost immediately after the piece seemed in Haas’s magazine, Kafka defined it as “a depiction of the acoustic kinfolk of our house ([eine] Darstellung der akustischen Verhältnise unserer Wohnung). ”125 The textual content is, on one point, easily a written stock of a few of the noises made by way of his relations in the course of their morning exercises. Ashes are scraped out of the oven, the doorways are opened and closed, footsteps scamper around the ground, his sister’s voice calls down the hallway, the canaries sing. positioned in what, with militaristic overtones, the narrator calls “the headquarters of noise of the full condo (Hauptquartier des Lärms der ganzen Wohnung),” he's compelled to hear this disruptive household cacophony and endure the extra humiliation of getting his father hurricane via his room on his solution to one other a part of the condo. regardless of the narrator’s place in the headquarters of noise—a reference that inspires the violent connotations of contemporary noise present in texts by way of Plessner, Liliencron, and Altenberg—the illustration of sound in Kafka’s textual content differs 123 Kafka, To Willy Haas, September 26, 1912, Briefe 1900-1912, ed. Hans-Gerd Koch (Frankfurt a. M. : S. Fischer, 1999), p. 173. 124 one hundred twenty five Ibid. Franz Kafka, To Felice Bauer, November eleven, 1912, Briefe an Felice und andere Korrespondenz aus der Verlobungszeit, ed. Erich Heller and Jürgen Born (Frankfurt a. M. : Fischer, 2003), p. 87. eighty one considerably from the formal experimentation contained in these prior works. while in “The Drummer Belin” Altenberg had figured noise as random bursts of onomatopoeic nonsense that disrupted the coherence of extra conventional modes of narration, Kafka’s concise textual content is strangely reliable all through and continues to be firmly in the confines of linguistic conventions and lexically outlined expressions. instead of functioning as intermittent disruptions to the narration, each one sound is singled out, truly pointed out, and provided as much as the reader in a coherent sequence of sentences. we're given a complete stock of assorted sounds formulated by way of an lively “I pay attention (ich höre),” suggesting a method of listening that doesn't pass the conceptual colleges or wide awake mirrored image, not like Altenberg’s onomatopoeic rendering of the violent drum.

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