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By Josie Underwood

A well-educated, outspoken member of a politically famous relatives in Bowling eco-friendly, Kentucky, Josie Underwood (1840–1923) left at the back of one of many few intimate bills of the Civil conflict written through a southern lady sympathetic to the Union. This bright portrayal of the early years of the conflict starts a number of months ahead of the 1st pictures have been fired on fortress Sumter in April 1861. "The Philistines are upon us," twenty-year-old Josie writes in her diary, leaving no doubt in regards to the alarm she feels while accomplice squaddies occupy her once-peaceful city. delivering a distinct point of view at the tensions among the Union and the Confederacy, Josie unearths that Kentucky was once a hotbed of political and army motion, rather in her homeland of Bowling eco-friendly, often called the Gibraltar of the Confederacy. situated alongside very important rail and water routes that have been important for transport provides out and in of the Confederacy, the town associated the higher South's exchange and inhabitants facilities and was once strategically serious to either armies. shooting the fright and frustration she and her family members skilled whilst Bowling eco-friendly served because the accomplice army's headquarters within the fall of 1861, Josie tells of squaddies who trampled fields, pilfered vegetation, burned fences, shrink bushes, stole meals, and invaded houses and companies. In early 1862, Josie's outspoken Unionist father, Warner Underwood, was once ordered to evacuate the family's Mount Air property, which was once later destroyed by way of occupying forces. Wartime hardships additionally strained relationships between Josie's relations, pals, and pals, whose passionate ideals approximately Lincoln, slavery, and Kentucky's secession divided them. released for the 1st time, Josie Underwood's Civil conflict Diary interweaves firsthand descriptions of the political unrest of the day with specific bills of an lively social lifestyles jam-packed with go back and forth, events, and suitors. Bringing to existence a Unionist, slave-owning younger lady who antagonistic either Lincoln's regulations and Kentucky's secession, the diary dramatically chronicles the actual and emotional traumas visited on Josie's kinfolk, neighborhood, and nation in the course of wartime.

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MT. AIR” close to BOWLING eco-friendly, DECEMBER 1860. DEC. tenth— day after today morning I go away for Memphis, Tenn. to spend the iciness with sister Jupe and Mr. Western. omit Jane Grider goes with me and we think a stunning time. 1 it will be my first stopover at from domestic when you consider that i ended tuition final June and have become a whole fledged “Young girl. ” even though I felt badly whilst September got here, that i used to be to not go back to the valuable old style, i've got had a best time, specifically through the kingdom reasonable which used to be held in Bowling eco-friendly this 12 months. Sister Lute and decide McCann got here domestic from California and invited Messrs. Chamberlain and Massey, gents whom they met at the steamer, to go to us in the course of the reasonable. Cousin Ed Henry from leave out. got here up—Will and Johnny Bell got here down, Aunt Hassie, Sister Jupe and Mr. Western, Cousin Jane Todd, Mollie Rogers, and Cousin Mal Gorin have been all with us, and final yet not at all least, our such a lot commemorated visitor, Gov. John J. Crittenden, who made a gorgeous deal with on the commencing of the reasonable. He has the most important mouth I ever observed. each night a few gents got here out from city. “Uncle” Lewis [a slave] performed the mess around for us to bounce and we had plenty of all types of enjoyable. i'm really certain there by no means existed larger host and hostess than Pa and Ma, to make every body have any such sturdy time—with it sounds as if loads amusement themselves. Mr. Massey who's initially from Penn. acknowledged “Mount Air” used to be the belief of all he had learn and imagined of a hospitable Southern domestic. I haven’t but gotten really used to having [Mike] corridor and different previous beaus of my sister’s treating me with the honor of a grown up younger girl, tho’ Hugh Gwyn is making enjoyable of me part the time. i'm wondering if I’ll have nearly as good a time in Memphis. good, “Nous erons [verrons? ],” as my outdated French instructor is so keen on asserting. Ma has given me this ebook to maintain a type of magazine. What I do—who I meet—and my impressions of individuals and issues, so i will learn it to her while I go back. pricey Ma! as a lot excitement as I anticipate from this stopover at i believe so egocentric and unhappy to depart her. DEC. twelfth, 1860, MEMPHIS, TENN. We reached the following adequately the day past. Mr. Western and sister met us on the educate, giving us this sort of hearty and affectionate welcome that we felt instantly we have been going to celebrate. Their domestic right here on Vance highway is a beautiful position. the home sitting some distance again in an incredible backyard packed with Magnolia and different southern bushes, attractive roses and flavoring [flowering] shrubs—many now in bloom— a large veranda extends completely around the entrance of the home, the tall pillars achieving to the roof above the second one tale. The home windows open right down to the porch. a large corridor throughout the middle of the home. it really is altogether a beautiful domestic and sister and Mr. Western are as chuffed as will be. definitely it might be not easy to discover a extra congenial couple. We had a good time once we left Bowling eco-friendly. such a lot of of our acquaintances have been on the teach to assert goodbye. All in truth other than Mr. B——, whereupon Hugh Gwyn requested, within the such a lot severe tone, if anyone knew the details of [Edwin] Baxter’s twist of fate.

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