Download E-books Saint Francis and the Sultan: The Curious History of a Christian-Muslim Encounter PDF

In September, 1219, because the armies of the 5th campaign besieged the Egyptian urban of Damietta, Francis of Assisi went to Egypt to evangelise to Sultan al-Malik al-Kâmil.
Although we actually recognize little or no approximately this occasion, this has no longer avoided artists and writers from the 13th century to the 20 th, unencumbered via mere evidence, from portraying Francis however as a brand new apostle preaching to the infidels, a scholastic theologian proving the reality of Christianity, a champion of the crusading excellent, a naive and quixotic wanderer, a crazed spiritual enthusiast, or a medieval Gandhi preaching peace, love, and figuring out. Al-Kâmil, nevertheless, is variously offered as an enlightened pagan monarch hungry for evangelical educating, a merciless oriental despot, or a sophisticated libertine.
Saint Francis and the Sultan takes an in depth examine those richly different inventive responses to this short yet hugely symbolic assembly. Throwing into aid the altering fears and hopes that Muslim-Christian encounters have encouraged in ecu artists and writers within the centuries on the grounds that, it offers a uniquely large yet distinct imaginative and prescient of the evolution of Western attitudes in the direction of Islam and the Arab global over the past 8 hundred years.

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Download E-books Keepers of the Keys of Heaven: A History of the Papacy PDF

By Roger Collins

One of the main enduring and influential of all human associations, the Papacy has additionally been one of the such a lot arguable. From the founding of the Christian Church within the first century advert to the cave in of Communism in jap Europe within the past due 20th century, the Popes were important gamers within the heritage of Europe. In Keepers of the Keys of Heaven, eminent medieval and spiritual pupil Roger Collins offers the total, grand arc of papal background in an target, obtainable unmarried quantity. From the separation of the Greek and Latin church buildings to the modern controversies that threaten the cohesion of the many-million-strong Catholic Church, Collins exhibits how nobody trying to make feel of the fashionable global can overlook the important function of the popes.

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Download E-books The Great Heresies PDF

By Hilaire Belloc

Hilaire Belloc examines the 5 such a lot harmful heretical events to have affected Christian Civilization: Arianism, Mohammedanism (Islam), Albigensianism (Cathar), The Reformation (Protestant), and “The sleek Phase.” Belloc describes how those activities begun, how they unfold, and the way they endured to steer the realm up till the time of his writing (1936). The bankruptcy on Islam is principally appropriate in gentle of present occasions; in it Belloc properly predicts the renewal of Jihadist aggression in the direction of Western Civilization.

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Download E-books The Jains (The Library of Religious Beliefs and Practices) PDF

By Paul Dundas

The Indian faith of Jainism, whose important guiding principle includes non-violence to all creatures, is among the world's oldest and least-understood faiths. Dundas seems at Jainism in its social and doctrinal context, explaining its background, sects, scriptures and formality, and describing how the Jains have, over 2500 years, outlined themselves as a distinct non secular neighborhood. This revised and multiplied version takes account of latest learn into Jainism.

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Download E-books Exodus (New Cambridge Bible Commentary) PDF

By Carol Meyers

This remark perspectives Exodus as a cultural record, protecting the collective stories of the Israelites and touching on them to the most important associations and ideology that emerged by way of the tip of the time of the Hebrew Bible. it really is meant to assist the reader stick with the tale line of Exodus, comprehend its socio-cultural context, have fun with its literary gains, realize its significant subject matters and values, and likewise be aware its interpretive and ethical difficulties. Carol Meyers explains vital ideas and phrases as expressed within the Hebrew unique in order that those that comprehend Hebrew in addition to those that do not could be capable of persist with the textual content.

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Download E-books Oaths and the English Reformation (Cambridge Studies in Early Modern British History) PDF

The perform of swearing oaths was once on the centre of the English Reformation. at the one hand, oaths have been the medium in which the Henrician regime carried out its ideology and secured loyalty one of the humans. at the different, they have been the device wherein the English humans embraced, resisted and manipulated royal coverage. Jonathan Michael grey argues that because the Reformation was once negotiated via oaths, their distinctive importance and serve as are primary to figuring out it absolutely. Oaths and the English Reformation sheds new mild at the motivation of Henry VIII, the enforcement of and resistance to reform and the level of well known participation and negotiation within the political technique. putting oaths on the center of the narrative, this e-book argues that the English Reformation was firm as a lot via its approach to implementation and reaction because it used to be through the theology or political idea it transmitted.

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Download E-books The Book of Mormon PDF

By Joseph Smith Jr.

The religious textual content that varieties the root of Mormonism within the final version edited via its founder, Joseph Smith, Jr.

THE e-book OF MORMON is likely one of the such a lot influential in addition to arguable non secular files in American historical past, and is thought of as sacred scripture through fans around the globe, together with contributors of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, the fourth-largest non secular physique within the usa. in keeping with Mormon trust, The e-book of Mormon used to be inscribed on golden plates by way of historic prophets. I t comprises tales of historical peoples migrating from the close to East to the Americas, and in addition explains that Jesus Christ looked as if it would the recent global after his resurrection. The golden plates have been came upon in upstate long island and translated by way of Joseph Smith, Jr., less than the suggestions of an angel, Moroni. From this divine revelation, Smith based the Mormon sect, that's now constituted of greater than 12.5 million individuals around the globe.

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Download E-books The Mormon People: The Making of an American Faith PDF

“From one of many brightest of the hot new release of Mormon-studies students comes a crisp, attractive account of the religion’s history.”—The Wall highway Journal
 
With Mormonism at the nation’s radar as by no means ahead of, non secular historian Matthew Bowman has written an important e-book that pulls again the curtain on greater than a hundred and eighty years of Mormon heritage and doctrine. He recounts the church’s origins and explains how the Mormon imaginative and prescient has evolved—and with it the esteem during which Mormons were held within the eyes in their countrymen. well-known at the one hand as hardworking paragons of relatives values, Mormons have additionally been derided as oddballs and persecuted as polygamists, heretics, and zealots. where of Mormonism in public lifestyles maintains to generate heated debate, but the religion hasn't ever been extra renowned. one of many fastest-growing religions on the earth, it keeps an uneasy feel of its courting with the most line of yankee culture.
 
Mormons would definitely play a good larger position in American civic existence within the years forward. The Mormon People comes as an essential addition to the corpus of yank non secular history—a frank and balanced demystification of a religion that is still a secret for many.
 
“Fascinating and fair-minded . . . a sweeping soup-to-nuts primer on Mormonism.”—The Boston Globe
 
“A cogent, really apt, and critical account of a religion that has been a huge aspect in American background yet remained unusually misunderstood.”—Michael Beschloss
 
“A thorough, stimulating rendering of the Mormon earlier and present.”—Kirkus Reviews
 
“[A] shrewdpermanent, lucid history.”—Tom Brokaw

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Download E-books Morality Without God? (Philosophy in Action) PDF

By Walter Sinnott-Armstrong

A few argue that atheism needs to be fake, when you consider that with no God, no values are attainable, and hence "everything is permitted." Walter Sinnott-Armstrong argues that God isn't just no longer necessary to morality, yet that our ethical habit can be completely self sufficient of faith. He assaults numerous center rules: that atheists are inherently immoral humans; that any society will sink into chaos whether it is turns into too secular; that with no faith, we don't have any cause to be ethical; that absolute ethical criteria require the lifestyles of God; and that with no faith, we easily could not be aware of what's wrong and what's right.

Sinnott-Armstrong brings to undergo convincing examples and knowledge, in addition to a lucid, stylish, and simple to appreciate writing variety. This publication should still healthy good with the debates raging over matters like evolution and clever layout, atheism, and faith and public existence for instance of a pithy, tightly-constructed argument on a subject of serious social importance.

"In his demand honest discussion with theists, Sinnott-Armstrong offers a welcome reduction from the apoplectic excesses of Richard Dawkins and Christopher Hitchens, whereas additionally addressing objections to homosexuality and evolution often raised by way of evangelical Christians." --Publishers Weekly

"[I]t is available and energetic, my desire is that it'll be broadly learn, in particular by means of theists."--Peter Lamal, The Humanist

"... the readability of this article effectively defuses many inaccurate claims approximately faith and morality, either well known and educational; this quantity definitely merits a large viewers during this more and more secular and skeptical world." -Choice

"Morality with no God? is an interesting, pithy booklet arguing opposed to the need of God and faith for a strong morality. Walter Sinnott-Armstrong has exclusive himself as a number one thinker in his paintings on metaethics and ethical psychology, in addition to books on ethical and epistemological skepticism, and in Morality with out God? he commendably succeeds in writing a philosophically good advent to the issues dealing with non secular morality appropriate for nearly any audience." --Philosophia Christi

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Download E-books An Enlightening Commentary into the Light of the Holy Quran vol 6 PDF

By Ayatullah Sayyid Kamal Faqih Imani - XKP

From Surah al-A’raf (7) verse 88 to Surah at-Tawbah (9)

The gentle of Islam has enlightened and carrying on with to enlighten each nook on the earth and seekers of fact have heavily linked to the Holy Quran which includes the notice of Allah (SWT) to humanity. With expanding concentration and a spotlight to the Holy Quran, efforts has been performed to supply a natural, right and exact translation of this divine e-book. yet occasionally it truly is tricky for the readers to appreciate all the obvious and hidden meanings and it's the responsibility of each Muslim, individual, to learn, comprehend and reflect on at the Holy Qur’an in keeping with his personal skill. consequently, the necessity for correct rationalization turns into seen and valuable. The e-book titled, “An Enlightening remark into the sunshine of the Holy Qur’an” compiled via a gaggle of Muslim students, less than the path of Ayatullah Allamah Al-Hajj Sayyid Kamal Faqih Imani is a worthy attempt which provides an intensive remark at the Quran in 20 volumes made to be had to the reader.

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