By Egon Friedell
A Cultural background of the fashionable Age: Baroque, Rococo and Enlightenment
This is the second one quantity of Friedell's enormous A Cultural historical past of the fashionable Age. A key determine within the flowering of Viennese tradition among the 2 global wars, this 3 quantity paintings is taken into account his masterpiece. The centuries lined during this moment quantity mark the victory of the scientifi c brain: in nature-research, language-research, politics, economics, conflict, even morality, poetry, and faith. All structures of suggestion produced during this century, both commence with the scientifi c outlook as their starting place or regard it as their optimum and fi nal goal.
Friedell claims 3 major streams pervade the eighteenth century: Enlightenment, Revolution, and Classicism. In usual use, through "Enlightenment" we suggest an severe rationalistic tendency of which initial levels have been famous within the 17th century. Th e time period "Classicism", is easily understood.
Under the time period "Revolution" Friedell comprises all pursuits directed opposed to what has been dominant and standard. Th e goals of such routine have been home improvement the kingdom and society, banning all esthetic canons, and dethronement of cause by means of sentiment, all within the identify of the "Return to Nature." Th e Enlightenment tendency should be noticeable as laying the floor for an age of revolution. Th is moment quantity maintains Friedell's dramatic historical past of the using forces of the 20 th century.
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